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India Announces Penal Punishment For Medics Who Underreport TB Cases

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End TB in India Doctors Chemists & Clinical Establishments Can Land in Jail if They Fail to Report the Disease

Global progress depends on advances in TB prevention and care in these countries. In addition there is some cause for optimism as two new drugs have recently been developed that could be used in drug-resistant TB, bedaquiline and delamanid. India also has more than a million "missing" cases every year which are not notified, and most remain either undiagnosed or inadequately diagnosed and treated in the private sector.

While the overwhelming popularity of mobile phone technology can rightly be seen as a sign of a people in touch with modern trends, tuberculosis continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Kenya.

Dr. Soumya Chatterjee from St. Louis University joins us for World TB Day to talk about the deadly disease. This bacterial infection develops easily from an infected person to another healthy person by just breathing in the bacteria. It's understood that tuberculosis is spread from person to person when an infected person coughs or sneezes into the air.

However, TB is not that easy to catch. Affected communities must call on governments to improve living standards, including by accessing nutritious food, breathing clean air, completing their education and fostering an enabling economic environment, all of which will help to reduce the burden of TB and HIV.

The Nagaland State Directorate of Health and Family Welfare today informed that non notification of TB cases by clinical establishments, pharmacies, chemists and druggists is a criminal offence. You might still have the infection but will experience no symptoms. Young children are especially vulnerable, although a vaccine against the disease can protect them from its worst effects. They should be made aware that in the case of TB vaccination, the benefits far outweigh the risks. They can make you sick and the germs can spread to other people as well. "This year could be the most important since Robert Koch discovered the cause of TB136 years ago, but only if we all show leadership". Healthcare workers and caretakers are also at higher risk of contracting tuberculosis.

The symptoms of TB include cough, fever, night sweats and weight loss.

The global response to tuberculosis has saved millions of lives; TB treatment saved 53 million lives between 2000 and 2016.

National Anti-tuberculosis Association of Bangladesh (NATAB) President Mozaffar Hossain Paltu, USAID Senior Adviser for infectious diseases Dr Charles Lerman, and icddr, b scientist Dr Sayra Banu also spoke. The World Health Organisation says that TB claims as many as 4,500 lives every day.

He said a TB-free world will only be achieved through leaders who champion efforts to end TB at local level.

Beyond the issue of confinement in prisons, excessive isolation, such as in health care facilities, and punitive approaches to TB, such as imprisonment for non-adherence to TB medicine and laws effectively criminalizing people with TB, impede efforts in the fight against TB.

The theme is considered to be critical because there will a high-level meeting at the upcoming UN General Assembly. Over the period of years, it is observed that not all tuberculosis cases are new patients.

The occasion of World Tuberculosis Day gives an opportunity to bring the disease under the spotlight. Medical institutions throughout the country received more than 2,000 copies of the book.

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